in sip.conf or dialplan or db?

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On Tuesday 27 March 2012, Roland wrote:
> I am setting up my dialplan with quite some outbound numbers. We have a
> block of 100 DID’s, for which some of them will go direct to specific
> phones. I am struggling how to solve this, so I am searching for a little
> advice. These are my concerns.
>
> I could set the DID in the sip.conf using something like:
>
> callerid=”137-Roland” <31229253137>
>
> 137 would be my extention number here.
> …..
> Any suggestions would be appreciated! Am I missing any options here?

Assuming there is a reasonable mapping from “outside” numbers to “inside”
numbers (your example shows the external number as being 31229253 followed by
the internal number; note also you can do simple integer maths within a
dialplan, as unlike some languages + hasn’t been appropriated for string
concatenation), it shouldn’t be that difficult.

If an internal extension wants to call an internal extension, its caller ID
ought already to be set to its “inside” extension number in sip.conf. If it
wants to call an external number, then it needs to set its caller ID to the
appropriate inbound number. If it’s as simple as adding a prefix, then you
need something in your dialplan like:

[management]
; 3 digits is internal
exten => XXX,1,Dial(SIP/${EXTEN},90)
exten => XXX,2,Hangup()
; 5 digits or more must be external — ident as own DDI number
exten => XXXX.,1,Set(CallerID(num)=${DDIPREFIX}${callerID(num)})
exten => XXXX.,2,Dial(${POTS}/${EXTEN},90)
exten => XXXX.,3,Hangup()

Now, chances are, not every internal phone will want to ident as a unique
external number — perhaps you want all the phones in one office to ident as a
single number, and all ring together (using something like
Dial(TECH/ext&TECH/ext&TECH/ext ….. ) when called from outside. In this
case, you just need to configure all these phones into their own context in
your sip.conf and something like this in your dialplan:

[sales-office]
; 3 digits is internal
exten => XXX,1,Dial(SIP/${EXTEN},90)
exten => XXX,2,Hangup()
; 5 digits or more must be external — one ident for whole office
exten => XXXX.,1,Set(CallerID(num)=${SALESOFFICE})
exten => XXXX.,2,Dial(${POTS}/${EXTEN},90)
exten => XXXX.,3,Hangup()

One thought on - in sip.conf or dialplan or db?

  • Thank you for your answer.

    First of all: I didn’t name my sip accounts the same as my extension
    numbers. So I cannot just Dial SIP/${EXTEN} in my case. Also this 100
    number block is mapped to extensions for our primary location, but we will
    be connection other locations where extension numbers are not mapped
    directly to DID’s. So for those locations, this technique will not work.

    So I came up with this dialplan:

    exten => _00Z.,1,NoOp(Call received from ${CALLERID(num)} context
    ${CONTEXT} to ${EXTEN:1})
    same => n,Set(CID=${DID_BYSIP(SIP/${CALLERID(num)},${CONTEXT})})
    same => n,GotoIf(${CID}?setCid:setDef)
    same => n(setDef),Set(CALLERID(num)=31229253131)
    same => n,Goto(setRoute)
    same => n(setCid),Set(CALLERID(num)=${CID})
    same => n(setRoute),GotoIf($[${CALLERID(num)}=31852013900]?otconnect:voys)
    same => n(otconnect),Set(OUT=999210485)
    same => n,Goto(dodial)
    same => n(voys),Set(OUT=143810001)
    same => n(dodial),Dial(SIP/${EXTEN:1}@${OUT})
    same => n,Hangup()

    This seems to work. The only thing that worries me, is that
    ${CALLERID(num)} can easily be overwritten. On the other hand the
    configuration is in my hands, so I guess I just have to be carefull, and
    not mess around with callerid(num) too much.

    On Tue, Mar 27, 2012 at 11:51 AM, A J Stiles
    wrote: